Abhijeet Jadhav and Siva Muthuprakash

Date & Time: 3rd and 4th Oct’20 | 11 am to 1 pm

Interviews and surveys are integral part of development research, and well-designed questionnaires are critical instruments for successful and useful surveys. Unfortunately, there is no theoretical base for designing flawless questionnaires. Developing an effective questionnaire is often considered as an art than science. It is
guided by experience, intuition and a lengthy list of do’s and don’t along with the subject knowledge.

This module will introduce some development research perspectives followed by steps in developing and testing a research questionnaire. It will help the participants to develop effective questionnaires by familiarizing them on components of questionnaire, various scales of measure, characteristics of good questionnaire, common mistakes in developing a questionnaire, and some recent trends in questionnaire design along with examples.

Course Objectives

  • To equip the participants with the knowledge of participatory approach to ME and Research
  • To introduce participants to various tools, methods followed in participatory ME & Research

Course Contents

  • Principles of participation
  • Difference between conventional and participatory approaches
  • LFA, Theory of Change & Most Significant Change
  • Challenges in application of participatory ME & Research
  • Methods and Tools

Participant Profile

  • Project managers, coordinators and researchers in development sector


VillageSquare is an integrated communications initiative that was started in 2016 to fill the void of rural representation in the national discourse. Voices from villages needed to be heard in the national arena. We have been doing this by informing, analyzing, engaging and promoting rural India among a wider audience. There is a need for a unified public service platform for independent and balanced news, views and data analyses on rural India.

We believe that there is need to engage with the youth — the millennials and the digital natives — on these issues. We have been bringing out stories of positive change and purposive struggle of rural people from across the country. We trust that you have been reading our past posts. We invite you to continue reading about the aspirations, struggles and success of people in rural India at

Even as India marches on its rapid development path, there is a need to turn the spotlight on the hinterlands of India and to include villagers in the development process, to enable taking our country forward. Transforming rural India by strategic interventions on the ground can only be sustained or expanded if there is a wider societal involvement. Currently there is clear informational gap among the youth, influencers and policymakers on issues that are important to people in the villages. VillageSquare has been fulfilling that lacuna.

VillageSquare carries on the intent with which it was started i.e. focusing on the impact of national and local policies on rural communities through detailed analyses by top development experts. We continue to identify and showcase stories of change led by communities, civil society and market players. We have published popular articles on public schemes such as Jan Dhan Yojana, Ujjwala Yojana and NREGM, and their impact. VillageSquare will always maintain a sustained focus on the challenges and drivers of successful efforts of rural India.